If you’re trying to lose weight, you should skip breakfast, according to new research. It’s thought that eating a big breakfast in the morning stops you feeling as hungry throughout the day, helping people to slim down.
But a new review published in The BMJ suggests ‘the most important meal of the day’ may not help people to control their weight.
Researchers found there is no good evidence to support the idea that eating breakfast promotes weight loss – or that skipping breakfast leads to weight gain.
In fact, the findings show that daily calorie intake was higher in people eating breakfast and that skipping brekkie does not cause greater appetite later in the day.
The researchers said their review questions the thought that eating breakfast helps you lose weight.
Previous studies have suggested that eating breakfast is linked with maintaining a healthy weight.
But the researchers said those findings were observational and possibly reflected an individual’s wider healthy lifestyle and food choices.
The team from Monash University in Melbourne, Australia, analysed the effect of regularly eating breakfast on weight change and daily energy intake, based on evidence from 13 studies, mainly in Britain and the United States, from the last 28 years.
They did a number of trials which focused on eating or skipping breakfast and changes in body weight, while others looked at the effect of breakfast on daily energy intake.
For the study, the people studied included habitual and non-habitual breakfast eaters, or both, at a range of body weights who were monitored between 24 hours and 16 weeks.
The researchers found that the total daily energy intake was higher in groups who ate breakfast compared with those who skipped it – an average of 260 more calories consumed in a day – regardless of their usual breakfast habits.
And the results showed that those who skipped breakfast were on average one pound (0.44 kilos) lighter.
But the effect of breakfast on weight did not differ between people with a normal weight and those who were overweight.
It has previously been suggested that eating breakfast may help with weight loss because of the efficient burning of calories early in the day preventing overeating later on. But the reviewers found ‘no significant difference’ in metabolic rates between breakfast eaters and skippers.
And skipping breakfast was not linked to people feeling hungrier in the afternoon.
The researchers said that because of the varying quality of the studies included, the findings should be interpreted with caution.
But study co-author Professor Flavia Cicuttini, of Monash University, said: ‘Currently, the available evidence does not support modifying diets in adults to include the consumption of breakfast as a good strategy to lose weight.
‘Although eating breakfast regularly could have other important effects, caution is needed when recommending breakfast for weight loss in adults, as it may have the opposite effect.’
Professor Tim Spector, of King’s College London, added that people have different preferences for when they eat food, which ‘might suit our unique personal metabolism.’
He said: ‘No one size fits all, and prescriptive slow moving diet guidelines filled with erroneous information look increasingly counterproductive and detract from important health messages. ‘While waiting for guidelines to change, no harm can be done in trying out your own personal experiments in skipping breakfast.’
Facebook Users Will Be Able To Send Messages Between Messengers, Instagram And Whatsapp : Mark Zuckerberg Announces
Facebook Messenger, WhatsApp and Instagram users will now be able to send messages to each other, Mark Zuckerberg has announced.
The Facebook boss said it will introduce the vast overhaul of the way all of its messaging apps work as part of a move towards being a “privacy-focused platform”.
That will include upgrading its encryption and refusing to store data in countries with poor human rights records, he said, as well as rewriting how the various chat apps can talk to each other.
“People want to be able to choose which service they use to communicate with people,” he wrote as part of a long explanation of his vision of the future of social networks. ”However, today if you want to message people on Facebook you have to use Messenger, on Instagram you have to use Direct, and on WhatsApp you have to use WhatsApp.
“We want to give people a choice so they can reach their friends across these networks from whichever app they prefer.”
The feature will eventually include compatibility with SMS, he said, which would for example allow someone to text someone using Facebook Messenger. People will still be able to keep all of those accounts separate if they want.
Adding that feature – which Mr Zuckerberg calls “interoperability” – will feed into the privacy focus by allowing people to avoid sending unencrypted SMS messages from Messenger and instead talking on WhatsApp, where conversations are hidden, he claimed. People would also be able to speak to someone on Facebook but do so without having to give out their phone number, he suggested.
But the possibility of combining the apps has been a long-standing source of concern for privacy advocates and using. WhatsApp and Instagram founders have left the company in recent months, reportedly after disagreements over how those various platforms should work together in future.
In the post, titled “a privacy-focused vision for social networking,” Mr Zuckerberg explained how private messaging is becoming the most common and popular method people use to interact with others on its products.
“As I think about the future of the internet, I believe a privacy-focused communications platform will become even more important than today’s open platforms,” Zuckerberg wrote. “I expect future versions of Messenger and WhatsApp to become the main ways people communicate on the Facebook network.”
In his letter, Mr Zuckerberg detailed why people prefer private networks and the intimacy it offers them.
“People are more cautious of having a permanent record of what they’ve shared,” Mr Zuckerberg added. “I believe the future of communication will increasingly shift to private, encrypted services where people can be confident what they say to each other stays secure and their messages and content won’t stick around forever. This is the future I hope we will help bring about.”
In addition to interoptability, he said Facebook would focus on several principles as it tried to create the future of social networking:
Private interactions. People should have simple, intimate places where they have clear control over who can communicate with them and confidence that no one else can access what they share.Encryption. People’s private communications should be secure. End-to-end encryption prevents anyone — including us — from seeing what people share on our services.Permanence. People should be comfortable being themselves, and should not have to worry about what they share coming back to hurt them later. So we won’t keep messages or stories around for longer than necessary to deliver the service or longer than people want it.Safety. People should expect that we will do everything we can to keep them safe on our services within the limits of what’s possible in an encrypted service.Interoperability. People should be able to use any of our apps to reach their friends, and they should be able to communicate across networks easily and securely.Secure data storage. People should expect that we won’t store sensitive data in countries with weak records on human rights like privacy and freedom of expression in order to protect data from being improperly accessed.
The changes will be taking place “over the next year and beyond”, said Mr Zuckerberg, noting there will be “more details and tradeoffs to work through related to each of these principles”.
“Doing this means taking positions on some of the most important issues facing the future of the internet. As a society, we have an opportunity to set out where we stand, to decide how we value private communications, and who gets to decide how long and where data should be stored,” he concluded.
“I believe we should be working towards a world where people can speak privately and live freely knowing that their information will only be seen by who they want to see it and won’t all stick around forever. If we can help move the world in this direction, I will be proud of the difference we’ve made.”
Ghana Ranked 25th Country With Least Mobile Data Charges Worldwide
Ghana has been ranked 25th among the list of countries in the world with low mobile data charges.
This follows a recent statistic which showed that the price of an average 1GB of data is being sold in the country at $1.56.
Comparing the cost of the data to other countries, Ghana emerged the 25th country.
Zimbabwe emerged the country with the most expensive data charges, selling same data package at $75.20.
The research was from data gathered from 6,313 mobile data plans in 230 countries between 23 October and 28 November 2018.
The country with the cheapest data packages worldwide according to the research was India which charges $0.26.
In Ghana, the research said data packages could go down as low as $0.34 and as high as $4.75, equivalent of ¢25.96.
Mobile data is very cheap in some countries because of an impressive and efficient mobile and fixed broadband infrastructure.
Countries with less advanced broadband networks are heavily reliant on mobile data as well as the dictates of their economies.
“Many of the cheapest countries in which to buy mobile data fall roughly into one of two categories. Some have excellent mobile and fixed broadband infrastructure and so providers are able to offer large amounts of data, which brings down the price per gigabyte. Others with less advanced broadband networks are heavily reliant on mobile data and the economy dictates that prices must be low, as that’s what people can afford,” the research stated.
Contrary to what one might expect, ten out of the top 50 cheapest countries in the world for mobile data are in Sub-Saharan Africa.
This is in stark contrast to the cost of broadband on the continent, which is almost universally very high or non-existent.
Rwanda and Sudan featured in the top ten, with 1GB of data being sold for just $0.56 and $0.68 respectively.
However, Zimbabwe is seen as the country with the most expensive data charges, selling same data package at $75.20.
Hyundai Creates Mobile App To Unlock And Control Your Car Remotely
FRANTICALLY looking for your keys could become a thing of the past now Hyundai has created a mobile app to unlock and control your car remotely.
Hyundai calls it the Digital Key, and say a technology called Near Field Communication allows a phone and car to talk to each other when in close proximity.
After the smartphone unlocks the vehicle, the driver starts the engine by placing the device on the wireless charging pad in the centre console and pressing an engine Start/Stop button on the dashboard.
The app can be used by up to four authorised people which save each person’s preferred driving settings.
Once the phone and car mate-up, the position of the mirrors, seats and steering wheel adjust automatically depending on the user’s requirements.
And by using Bluetooth, the Digital Key can also lock and unlock the vehicle, activate the alarm and start the engine remotely.
The level of access to different vehicle functions can be tailored to each user, for a defined period.
Hyundai has developed the technology with car sharing schemes in mind – but it could also be used to enable a courier to open the boot to deliver a parcel.
ENABLING CAR SHARING
As car sharing becomes more widespread around the world, the Digital Key will be programmed to make peer-to-peer vehicle rental easier.
The owner and the driver won’t have to meet but can transfer the Digital Key via the smartphone app.
The Digital Key will also have features such as an alert which can be triggered if the person renting the Hyundai exceeds the speed limit or drives outside an agreed area.
Ho Yoo, group leader of Hyundai Motor Group’s Electronics Development Group, said: “The Digital Key will benefit a very wide range of future Hyundai customers, as well as enabling innovative new schemes for vehicle sharing.
Hyundai has said it aims to gradually implement the technology in its new production cars.
It follows the manufacturer’s development of smart fingerprint technology that allows drivers to unlock doors and start the vehicle.
To unlock the car, the driver places a finger on the sensor located on the door handle.
The technology’s chance of incorrectly recognising another person’s fingerprint as the driver’s is supposedly one in 50,000 – making it five times more effective than conventional vehicle keys, including smart keys.
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